CONTRACT LABOUR ACT
Contract Labour Rules,1971 and Forms

 

CHAPTER I

CHAPTER II

CHAPTER III

CHAPTER IV

CHAPTER V

CHAPTER VI

CHAPTER VII

FORMS




APPENDIX I

CONTRACT LABOUR (REGULATION AND ABOLITION) 

CENTRAL RULES. 1971 

G.S.R.  191. dated 1st February. 19711 In exercise of the powers conferred by Sec. 35 of the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970, the Central Government hereby makes the following rules, the same ha been previously published as required by the said section, namely:

CHAPTER 1

1. Short title and commencement—4 1) These rules may be called the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition Central Rules, 1971.

(2) They shall come into force on the date of their publication in the Official Gazette.

Comment

Rules for effectuating the purpose of the Act.

The general power of framing rules for effectuating the purposes of the Act would plainly authorise and sanction the framing of such a rule.3

2. Definitions.—

In these rules, unless the subject or context other­wise, requires,—

(a)  “Act” means the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970;

(b)  “Appellate Officer” means the Appellate Officer appointed by the Central Government under sub-section (1) of Sec. 15;

(c)  “Board” means the Central Advisory Contract Labour Board constituted under Sec. 3;

(d)  “Chairman” means the Chairman of the Board;

(e)  “Committee” means a committee constituted under sub-section (1) of Sec. 5;

U) ‘form” means a form appended to these rules; (g) “section” means a section of the Act.

Comment

This rule defines the various terms used in these Rules.

 

CHAPTER II

Central Board

3.    The Board shall consist of the following members

(a)  a Chairman to be appointed by the Central Government:

(b)  The Chief Labour Commissioner (Central), ex, officio;

(c)4 three persons representing the Central Government to be ap­(d)5 pointed by that Government from amongst its officials;

(two persons I, representing the railways, to be appointed by the Central Government after consultation with the Railways board;

(e)[flve persons], representing the employers in coal-mines, two representing the employers In other mines! and two representing contractors to whom the Act applies, to be appointed by the Central Government after consultation with such organization, If any, of the employers and the contractors as may be recognized by the Central Government;

(f)    (seven persons 5[two] representing the employees In the Railways,8 one representing the employees in coal-mines, (two representing the employees in other mines I, and two representing the employees or contractors to whom the Act applies, to be appointed by the Central (Government after consultation with such organizations If any, of employees representing the respective Interest as may be recognized by the Central Government

 

1.     Published In the Gazette Qf India Extraordinary. Pt. II. Sec. 3 (Q, dated 10th February 1971.

2.     w.e.f. 10th February  1971.

3.     Ram Autar Santosh Kumar v. State of Bihar, A.I..R. 1967 Pat. 13 at p. 17 see also

Jacob M. Puthuparambil v. Kerala Water Authority A.I.R. 1990 S.C. 2228 at p. 2237.

4.     Subs. hr “one person” by G.S.R 305 (E), dated 7th June, 1991.

5.     Subs. by Central (Amendment Act, 1971.

6.     Subs,byO.S.R.598,dated23rdMay,1973.

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4.Terms of office 

(1) The Chairman of the Board shall hold office as such for a period of three years from the date on which his appointment is first notified an the Official Gazette.        

(2) Each of the members of the Board, referred to In Cis. (c) and (d) of rule 3, shall hold office as such during the pleasure of the President. 

(3)Each of the members referred to In Cls. (a) and (f) of nile 3 shall hold office as such for a period of three years commencing from the date on which his appointment Is first notified in the Official Gazette:

Provided that where the successor of any such member has not been notified In the Official Gazette on, or before the expiry of the said period of three years, such member shall,, ~twithstandlng ~the expiry of the period of his office, continue to hold such office until the appointment of his successor has been notified In the Official Gazette.

 (4)   If a member is unable to attend a meeting of the Board, the Central Government or the body which appointed or nominated him may, by notice in writing signed on its I?ehalf and by such member and addressed to the Chairman of the Board, nominate a si~bstitu~e in his place to attend the meeting anU such a substitute member shall have all the rights of a member in resped of that meeting and any decision taken at the meeting shall be binding on the said body.

Comment 

This rule lays down that the terms of office of Chairman and members, not being an ex officio member or a representative of the Central Government or the Railway Board, shall be three years.

1[5 Regulation.—(I) Member of the Board, not being an ex-officio member, may resign his office by a letter in writing addressed to the Central Government.

(2)The office of such a member shall fall vacant from the date on which his resignation is accepted by the Central Government, or on the expiry of thirty days from the date of receipt of the letter of resignation by that Government, whichever is earlier.

Comment

This rule lays down that the office of a member shall fall vacant by resignation from the date of acceptance of his resignati9n by the Central Government or even on the expiry of thirty days from the date of receipt of letter of resignation, whichever is earlier.

6. Cessation of membership.—lf any member of- the Board, not being an ex officio member, falls to attend three consecutive meetings of the Board,without obtaining the leave of the Chairman for such absence, he shall cease to be a member of the Board:

Provided that the Central Government may, If It is satisfied that such member was prevented by sufficient cause from attending three consecutive meetings of the Board direct such cessation shall not take place and on such direction being made, such member shall continue to be a member of the Board.

7. Disqualification for membership.—A person shall be disqualified for re­appointment, and for being a member of the Board,—

(I)  If he is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent Court, or

 (II). If he is an undischarged insolvent; or

(Ill) If he has been or is convicted of an offence which, In the opinion of the Central Government,,  

      lnvolves moral turpitude.

(2)   If a question arises as to whether a disqualification has been incurred under sub- rule (1), the Central Government shall decide the same rule (1), the Central Government shall be decide the same

*1. Subs by G.S.R. 520, dated 10th May 1974. 

Comment 

This rule imposes disqualification for membership or for re-appointment as a member. 

8. Removal from membership.—The Central Government may remove from office any member of the Board, if in its opinion such a member has ceased to represent the interest which he purports to represent on the Board

Provided that no such member shall be removed unless a reasonable opportunity is given to him of making any representation against the proposed action.

Comment 

Proviso.—A proviso is intended to limit the enacted provision so as to except something which would have otherwise been within it or in some measure to modify the enacting clause. Sometimes a proviso may be embedded in the main provision and becomes an integral part of it so as to amount to a substantive provision Itself.1 

9. Vacancy.—When a vacancy occurs or is likely to occur in the membership of the Board, the Chairman shall submit a report to the Central Government and on receipt of such report the Central Government shall take steps to fill the vacancy by making an appointment from amongst the category of persons to which the person vacating membership belonged, and the person so appointed shall hold office for the remainder of the term of office of the member in whose place he is appointed. 

10. Staff.—(1) (1) The Central Government may appoint one of Its officials as Secretary to the Board and appoint such other staff as it may think necessary to enable the Board to carry out Its functions.

(II) The salaries and allowances payable -to the staff and the other conditions of service of such staff shall be such as may be decided by the Central Government.

(2) The Secretary—

(I) shall assist the Chairman in convening meetings of the Board;

(II) may attend the meetings but shall not be entitled to vote at such meetings;

(III) shall keep a record of the minutes of such meetings; and

(iv)      shall take necessary measures to carry out the decisions taken at the meetings of the Board.

Comment 

This rule deals with the matter regarding appointment of secretary and other members of the staff as also the duties of the secretary. 

11. Allowances of members.—(1) The traveling allowances of an official member shall be governed by the rules applicable to him for journey performed by him on official duties and shall be paid by the authority paying his salary.

(2) The non-official members of the Board shall be paid traveling allowance for attending the meeting of the Board at such rates as are admissible to Grade I Officers of the Central Government and daily allowances shall be calculatqd at the maximum rate admissible to Grade I Officers of the Central Government In their respective places.

Comment 

This rule lays down that non-official members shall be paid travelling allowance and daily allowances at the rates admissible to Grade I Officers of the Central Government.

12. Disposal of business,—Every question which the Board Is required to take Into consideration shall be considered at a meeting, or, If the Chairman so directs, by sending the necessary papers to every member for opinion, and the question shall be disposed of In accordance with the decision of the majority:

Provided that in the case of equality of votes, the Chairman shall have a second or a castinq vote.

Explanatlon.—“Chairman” for the purposes of this rule shall Include the Chairman nominated under rule 13 to preside over a meeting. 

1. S. Sundaram Pillai v.Pattabiraman, A.I.R. 1985 .C.1985 S.C.582 at p.591 ; see also T.S. Reddy v.Government of A.I.;R 1992 A.P.19 at p.37 

Comment 

Explanation—lt is now well settled that an explanation added to a statutory provision is~ not a substantive provision In any sense of the term but as the plain meaning of the word itself shows It Is merely meant to explain or clarify certain ambiguities which may have crept in the statutory provision.1 

13. Meetings;. .— 

     (1) The Board shall meet at such places and times as may be specified by the Chairman.

(2) The Chairman shall preside over every meeting of the Board at which he is present and in his absence nominate a member of the Board to preside over such meeting.

 14. Notice of meeting and list of business.—

       (1) Ordinarily seven days’ notice shall be given to the members of a proposed meeting.

     (2) No business which Is not on the list of business for a meeting shall be considered at the meeting without the permission of the Chairman. 

15. Quorum.—No business shall be transacted at any meeting unless at least five members are present: 

Provided that if at any meeting less than five members are present, the Chairman may adjourn the meeting to another date Informing members present and giving notice to the other members that he proposes to dispose of the business at the adjourned meeting whether there Is prescribed quorum or not, and it shall thereupon be lawful for him to dispose of the business at the adjourned meeting Irrespective of the number of members attending. 

16.Committees of the Board.—(1)  

(i) The Board may constitute such committees and for such purpose or purposes as It may think fit. 

(ii) While constituting the Committee the Board may nominate one of its members to be the Chairman of the Committee. 

4(2) (i) The Committee shall meet at such times and places as the Chairman of the said Committee may decide.

 (ii) The provisions of rules 12, 13 (2), 14 and 15 shall apply to the Committee for transaction of business at Its meetings as they apply to the Board, subject to the modification that the quorum specified In rule 15 shall be “one.thlrd of the members” Instead of “five members.”J 

(3) The provisions of rule 11 shall apply to the members of the Committee for attending the meetings of the Committee as they apply to the members of the Board.

 Comment 

The rule empowers the Board to constitute such committees for the various purposes as it may think fit.

 

CHAPTER III

Regulation and Licensing

17. Manner of making application for registration of establishment— 

(l) The application referred to In sub-section (1) of Sec. 7 shall be made In triplicate, In Form I to the Registering Officer of the area in which the establishment sought to be registered is located.

(2) The application referred to In sub-rule (1) shall be accompanied by a 3(demand draft! showing payment of the fees for the registration of the establishment.

(3) Every application referred to in sub-rule (1) shall be either personally delivered to the registering officer or sent to him by registered post.

(4)On receipt of the application referred to in sub-rule (1). the registering officer

shall, after noting thereon the date of receipt by him of the application grant an acknowledgment to the applicant.

 

1.    S. Sundaran  Pilli v. V.R. Pattabrantan, A.l.R.. 1985 S.C. 582 alp. 592 ; See also Keshavji Ravji and Co. v. Commissioner, income Tax, A.l.R. 1991 S.C. 1806 at p. 1818 ; Shree  Amarsing Swaroopsinh v. Jagdish Processors 1994 Lab I.C. 443 at p.449 (Guj).

2.    Subs. by G.S.R. 520, dated 10th May. 1974.

3.    Subs. by G.S.R. 657, dated 11th August, 1987 (w.e.f. 22nd August, 1987), for the words. “tresaury receipt.’


18. Grant of certificate of Registration.—

     (1)   The certificate of registration granted under sub-section (2) of sec. 7 shall be in Form II.

(2)   Every certificate of registration granted under sub-section (2) of Sec.7 shall contain the following particulars, namely:

(a)  the name and address of the establishment;

(b)  the maximum number of workmen to be employed as contract labour in the establishment;

(c)  the type of business, trade, industry, manufacture or occupation which is carried on in the’ establishment; -

(d)  such other particulars as may be releyant to the employment of contract labour in the establishment.

(3) The registering officer shall maintain a register in Form lit showing the particulars of -establishments in relation to which certificates of registration have been issued by him.

(4) if, in relation to an establishment, there is any change, ‘in the particulars specified in the certificate of registration, the principal employer of the establishment shall Intimate to -the registering officer, within thirty day from the date written such change takes place, the particulars of, and the reasons for, such change. 

Comment 

This rule deals with the matter regarding grant of certificate of registration to an establishment a. per the provisions of the Act. 

19. Circumstance in which application for registration may be rejected.— 

(1) If any application for registration is not complete in all respects, the registering officer shall require the principal employer to amend the application so as to make It complete in all respects.

(2)If the principal employer, on being required by the registering officer to amend his application, for registration, omits or falls to do so, the  registering officer shall reject the application for registration. 

Comment 

This rule empowers the registering officer to reject an application for registration in certain circumstances. 

20.   Amendment of certificate of registration.— 

(1) Where, on receipt of the intimation under sub-rule (4) of rule 18, the registering officer is satisfied that an amount higher than the amount which has been paid by the principal employer as fees for the registration of the establishment is payable, he shall require such principal employer to 1[pay] a sum which, together with the amount already paid by such principal employer, would be equal to such higher amount of fees payable for the registration of the establishment and to produce the 2(demand draft showing such deposit.   <![endif]>

(2) Where on receipt of the intimation referred to in sub-rule (4) of rule 18, the registering officer is satisfied that there has occurred a change in the particulars of the establishment, as entered In the register In Form III, he shall amend the said register and record therein the change which has Occurred:

Provided that no such amendment has affect anything done or any action taken or any right, obligation or liability acquired or. incurred before such amendment -

Provided further that the registering officer shall not carry out any amendment in the register in Form III unless the appropriate fees have been deposited by the principal employer.  

21.Application for a license

(1) Every application by a contractor for the grant of a license shall be made In triplicate, in Form IV, to the licensing officer of the area in which the establishment, in relation to which he Is the -contractor, is located.

 1.  Sub., by G.S.R. 657, dated 11th August, 1987 (w.A. 22nd August, 1987), for the word “deposit”.

2.  Subs. by Ibid, for the words “treasury receipt”.
 

(2) Every application for the grant of a license shall be accompanied by a certificate by the principal employer in Form V to the effect that the applicant has been employees by him as a contractor in relation to his establishment and that he undertakes to be bound by all the provisions are applicable to him as principal employer in respect of the employment of contract labour by the applicant .

 (3) Every such application shall be either personally delivered to the licensing  officer or sept to him by registered post..

4)  on receipt of the application reffered to in sub-rule (1), the licensing officer shall, after noting  thereon the date  of receipt of the application, grant an acknowledgement to the applicant.

(5) Every  application reffered  to in sub-rule (1) shell also be accompanied by a 1[demand draft] showing-

 (I) Tbe deposit of the ssecurity at the rates specialist in rule 24 and

(IIJ the payment of the fees at the rates specified in rule 26

22. Matters to be taken into account In granting or refusing a licence—

In granting or refusing to grant a license, the licensing officer’ shall take the following matters Into account, namely:

(I) Whether the applicant,

(II)  is a minor; or

(III) is of unsound mind and stands so declared by a competent court; or

(II)             is an undisharged Insolvent, or 

(IV)   has been convicted (at any time during a period of five years Immediately date of. application) of an offence which, in the opinion of the Central Government, involves moral turpitude;

(b)       whether there is an order Qf the appropriate Government or an award or settlement for the abolition of ‘contract lebour in respect of the particular type of work in the establishment for which the applicant is a contractor;

(c) whether any order has been made in respect of the applicant under sub­section (1) of Sec. 14, and, if so, whether a period of three years has elapsed from the date of that order;

(d) Whether the fees for the application have been deposited atthe rates specified in rule 26; and  

          (e)whether security has been deposited by the applicant at the rates specified in rule 24.

                                                         Comment 

Under this rule certain matters have to be taken Into account while granting or refusing to grant a license, to a contractor. 

2[23.Refusal to grant license-

(1) On receipt of the application from the contractor, and as soon as   the licensing officer shall investigate or cause investigation to be made to stisfy himself about the correctness of the facts and cause investigation to be made to satisfy himself about the correctness of the facts and particulars furnished in such application and the eligibility to the license ]

(2) (i) Where the licensing officer is of opinion that licence should not be granted, he shall, after affording reasonable opportunity to the applicant to be heard, make an order rejecting the application.

(ii) The order shall record the reasons for the refusal and shall be communicated to the applicant. 

Comment 

This rule lays down that the order for- refusal to grant licence should be passed after hearing the applicant and giving reasons therefore 

1.   Sub. by G.SR. 657, dated 11th August, 1987 (w.e.f. 22nd August, 1987), for the. Words “treasury receipt”

2.   Subs, by G.S.R. 520, dated 10th May. 1974. 

24. Security

(1) Before a licence is issued, an amount calculated at the rate of Rs. 90]- for each of the workmen to be employed as contract labour, in respect of which the application for licence has been made, shall be- deposited by the contractor for due performance of the conditions of the licence & compliance with the provisions of the Act or the rules made there under: 

2[Provided that where the contractor is a co-operative society, the amount deposited as security shall be at the rate of 1[ Rs.15] for each workman to be employed as a contract labour.]

3[(1-A) Where the applicant for licence was holding a licence In regard to another work and that licence had expired, the -licensing officer, If he Is of the view that any amount Out of the s4curity deposited in respect of that licence is to be directed to be refunded to the applicant under rule 31, may, on an application made for that purpose in Form VA by the applicant adjust the amount so to be refunded towards the security required to be deposited in respect of the application for the new license  and the applicant need, deposit, in such a case, only the balance amount, If any, after making such adjustment.]

(2)   4[The amount of security, or the balance amount, required to be deposited under sub-rule (1) or, as the case may be under sub-rule (1-A)] shall be paid In the local treasury under the Head of Account “Section T—Deposits -and Advances—Part II,— Deposits not bearing interest—(c) Other Deposit Accounts—Department and Judicial Deposits—Civil Deposits—Deposits under Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 (Central).”

Comment 

This rule lays down that security money should be got deposited by the contractor prior to the Issue of a licence. 

25. Form and terms and condition of licence,—{l) Every licence granted under sub-section (1) of Sec. 12

shall be in Form VI.

(2) Every licence granted under sub-rule (11) or renewed under i4.iie9 shall be subject to the following conditions, namely:

(I)   the licence shall be non-transferable;

 (II) the number of workman employee as contract labour in the establishment shall not, on any day, exceed the maximum number specified in the licence;

(III) save as provided in these rules, the fees paid for the grant, or as ‘the case may be, for renewal of- the licence shall be non-refundable;

      (IV) the rates of wages payable to the workmen by the contractor shall not be less than the rates prescribed under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 (II of 1948), for such employment where applicable,  and where the rates have been fixed by agreement, settlement or award, not less than the rates so fixed; 

  (v) (a) In cases where the workmen employed by the contractor perform the same or similar kind of work as the workmen directly employed by the principal employer of the establishment, the wage rates, holidays, hours of work and other conditions of service of the workmen of the contractor shall be the same as applicable to the workman directly employed by the principal employer of the establishment on the same or similar kind of work

Pleaded that in the case of any disagreement with regar4 to the type of work the same shall be decided by the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central)

 (b) in other cases the wage rates, holidays, hours of work and conditions of service of the workmen of the contractor shall be such as may be specified in this behalf by Chief Commissioner (Central);

1.    Subs, by G.S.R. 1215 (E), dated 28th December, 1988.

2.   Added by Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Central (Amendment) Rules 1973, vide G.S.R. 200, dated 24th February, 1973.

3.   Ins, by G.S.R. 948, dated 12th dull,, 1978.

4.  Subs. by Ibid.

5.   The words "whose decision shall be final" omitted by G.S.R. 871 (E), dated 26th November, 1965 (w.e.f.26th November, 1985).

 Explanation—While determining the wage rates, holidays, hours of work other conditions of service under  Cl. (b) above, the Chief Labour Commissioner shall have due regard to the wage rates, holidays, hours of work and other conditions of service obtaining in similar employments. 

(vi) (a) In every establishment where twenty or more women are ordinarily employed  as contract labour,

there shall be provided two rooms of reasonable dimensions for the use of their children under the age   of six year

    (b) one of such rooms shall be used as a play-room for the children and the other as bed-room for the children;

(c) the contractor shall supply adequate number of toys and games in the play­room and sufficient number of -cots and beddings in the sleeping room;

(d) the standard of construction and maintenance of the creches shall be such as may be specified in this behalf by the Chief Labour Commissioner-(Central);

1(vii) the licence shall notify any change in the number of workmen or the conditions of work to the licensing officer;

1[(viii)the licensee shall, within fifteen days of the commencement and completion of each contract work submit a return to the Inspector, appointment, under Sec. 28 of the Act, intimating the actual date of the commencement or, as the case may be, completion of such contract work in Form VI-A]

 2[ix)  a copy of the licence shall be displayed prominently at the premises where the contract work is being carried on;] -

3[4[(x)  no female contract labour shall be employed by any contractor before 6.00 a.m. or after 7.00- p.m.: 

Provided that this clause shall not apply to the employment of women in pithead baths, creches and canteens and as to mid-wives and nurses in hospitals and dispensaries.]

Comment

This rule lays down the terms and conditions of a licence to be granted.

In a case - where the type of work done by the workmen engaged by the contractor is- the same as done by the workmen directly employed by the principal employer, -*e workmen employed by the contractor would be entitled to the same wages.

The proviso to sub-rule (v) (a) of rule 25 (2) of the rules would come Into operation only if there is a disagreement with regard to the type of work. When there is no such disagreement, sub rule (v) (a) of rule 25 (2) would be, applicable.5

6[26. Fees

(1) The, fees to be paid for the grant of a certificate of registration under Sec. 7 shall be as specified below:

If the number of workmen proposed to be employed on contract on any day

 (a)   is 20 -                                               ...   Rs.      60
       (b)   exceeds 20 but does not exceed 50        ...    Rs.     150
       (c)   exceeds 50 but does not exceed 100      ...    Rs.     300
       (d)   exceeds 100 but does not exceed 200     ...   Rs.     600
        (e)   exceeds 200 but does not exceed 400     ...   Rs.    1200
               exceeds 400                                     ...     Rs.    1500

(2)   The fees to be paid for the grant of license under Sec. 1 shall be as specified below:

1   Ins by G.S.R. 199,dated 11th January, 1977 w.e.f. 12th February, 1977).

2.  Ins, by G.S.R. 657, dated 11th August. 1987 (w.e.f. 22nd August. 1987).

3.  Ins, by G.S.R. 948, dated. 1 July 1978 (w.e.f. 22nd July, 1978).

   4.  Clause (ix) renumbered as Cl. (x) by 657 dated 11th August, 1987 (w.e.f. 22nd 1987).

5.  Indian Airlines v. Central Government Labour court, New Delhi, (1987) II L.L.J. 512 et p. 515 (HC.).

6.  Subs, by G.S.R. 1215 (E), dated 28th December, 1988. -
 

 If the number of workmen employed by the contractor on any day—

 (a) is 20                                            ---    Rs. 15.00

 (b) exceeds 20 but does not exceed 50   ---    Rs. 37.50

 (c) exceeds 50 but does not exceed 100  ---    Rs. 75.00

 (d) exceeds 100 but does not exceed 200 ---    Rs.150.00

 (e) exceeds 200 but does not exceed 400 ---    Rs. 300.00

 (f) exceeds 400                                   ---    Rs.375.00]

27. Validity of the licence.—Every licence granted under rule 25 or renewed under rule 29’ shall remain i&force for twelve months fromi the date it is granted or renewed.                       

 comment      

A licence granted under these rules is valid for a period of twelve months only.

28. Amendment of the Licence

 (1) A licence issued under rule 25 or renewed under rule 29 may, for good and sufficient reasons, be  amended by the licensing officer. 

(2) The contractor who desires to have the  license amended shall submit to the licensing officer an application stating the nature of the amendment and reason therefore. 

(3) (i) If the licensing officer allows the application he shall require the applicant to furnish a ‘[demand draft] for the amount, if any, by which the fees that would have been payable if the licence had been originally issued in the amended form exceeds for fees originally paid for the licence. 

(ii) On the applicant furnishing the requisite ‘[demand draft] the license shall be amended according to the orders of the licensing officer.  

(4) Where the application for amendment is refused licensing officer shall record the reasons for such refusal and communicate the same to the applicant.

Comment

May and shall.—Where the Languages two words “may” and “shall” in two different parts of the same provision prima facie it would appear that the Legislature manifested its intention to make one part directory and another mandatory. But that by itself is not decisive. The power of the  Court still to ascertain the real intention of the Legislature by carefully examining the scope of the statute to find out whether the provision is directory or  mandatory remains unimpaired even where both the words are used in the same provision.2 The word “shall’ cannot be interpreted as “may"

1. Subs by G.S.R. 657 dated 11th August, 1987 (w.e.f.22nd August, 1987)for the words "treasury receipt".

2. Ganesh Prasad Sah Kesari v. Lakshmi Narayan Gupta, A.I. R. 1985 S.C. 964 at p. 967 ;see also Rudrani Chatterjee v. Nabadwip Municipality, A.I.R.1990 cal. 397 at p. 404;Lakshmanasami Gounder v. C.I.T. Selvamani, 1992 (I) S.C.C. 91 at p.95 ; T.V. Usman v.Food Inspector, 1994 S.C. Cr. R. 502 at 505.

3. Sub-Committee of Judicial Accountability v. Union of India A.I.R.1992 S.C. 320 at p. 352; Sonepur Tea Co. v. State of Assam (1994) 4 S.C.C.746 at 756.
 

29. Renewa1 of licence.

( 1) Every contractor shall apply to the licensing officer for renewal  of the license.

(2)Every such application shall be in Form VII in triplicate and shall be made not less than thirty days before the date on which the licence expires, and if the application is so made, the licence shall be deemed to have been renewed until such date when the renewed licence is issued.

 (3) The fees chargeable for renewal of the licence shall be the same as for the grant thereof  

Provided that if the application for renewal not received within the time specified in sub-rule (2), a fee of 25 per cent., in excess of the fee ordinarily payable for the licence shall be payable for such renewal:  

Provided further that in case where the licensing officer is satisfied that the delay in submission of the application is due to unavoidable circumstances beyond control

the contractor, he may reduce or remit as he thinks fit the payment of such excess fee.

  Comment

Shall-when the expression “shall” Is used It must normally be construed to mean “shall” and not “may”.’

30. Issue of duplicate certificate of registration or a licence here a certificate of registration or a licence granted or renewed under the preceding rules has been lost, defaced or accidentally destroyed, a duplicate may be granted on payment of fees of rupees five.

Comment

This rule makes provision for the issue of duplicate Qf registration or licence, in case of its loss, destruction etc

31. Refund of security

(l) (i) On expiry of the period of licence the contractor may, if he does not intend to have his licence renewed make an application to the licensing officer for the refund of the security deposited by him under rule 24. 

(ii)     If the Licensing Officer is satisfied that there is no breach of the conditions of licence or there is no order under Sec. 14 for the forfeiture of security or any portion thereof, he shall direct the refund of the security to the applicant. 

(2) If there is any order directing the forfeiture of any portion of the sccurity, the amount to be forfeited shall be deducted from the security deposit and balance, if any, refunded to the applicant. 

(3) Any application for refund shall, as far as possible, be disposed of within sixty days of the receipt of the application.

  1.   Kamataka State Road Transport corporation,Bangalor.v. Kamataka State Transport Authority,A.I.R. 1984 Knt.at p.14 ;see also Hitesh Kumar Ojha v. Krishna Chandra Mahapatra A.I.R. 1992 Ori 91 at p.95; Sonepur Tea Co. v. State of Assam (1994) 4 S.C.C.746 at 756    

32. Grant of temporary certificate of registration and licence 

(1) Where conditions arise in an establishment requiring the employment of contract labour immediately and such employment is estimated to last for not more than fifteen days, the principal employer of the establishment or the contractor, as the case may be, may apply for a temporary certificate of registration or licence to the Registering officer or the licencing Officer, as the case may be, having jurisdiction over the area in which the establishment is situated.

(2) The application such temporary registration or licence shall be made in triplicate in Forms VIII and X, respectively and shall be accompanied by a 1[Demand draft] drawn in favour of the Pay and Accounts Officer, Office of the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central), New Delhi showing the payment of appropriate fees and in this case  of the licence appropriate amount of security also. -

 (3) On receipt of the application, complete in all respects, and on being satisfied either oii affidavit by the applicant or otherwise that the work in respect of which the application has been made would be finished in a period of a nature which could not be carried out immediately the  registering Officer or the Licensing Officer as the case may be, sha1l forthwith grant a certificate of registration of Form, or a licence in Form XL as the case may be, for a period of not more than fifteen days.   

                                                   
   (4) Where a certificate of registration or licence is not granted the resons therefor shall be recorded by the registering Officer or the LicensIng 0fficer as the case maybe.

(5) On the explrybf the validity of the registration certificate the establishment shall cease to employ in the establishment contract labour in respect of which the certificate was given. 

(6)The fees to be paid for the-grant of the certificate of registration under sub-rule(3) sha1l be as specified below:                          

       If the number Workmen proposed to be employed on contract on any  day—

                (a) exceeds 20 but does not exceed 50                       Rs. 2 [30.00]

                (b) exceeds 50 but does not exceed 200                     Rs. 2160.00

                (C) exceeds 200                                                     Rs. 2[90.00]

(7) The fees to be paid for the grant of a licence under  sub rule (3), shall be as specified below: 

If the number of workmen to be employed by the contractor on any day

                     (a) exceeds 20 but does not exceed 50          ---     Rs.2[15.00]
                 (b) exceeds 50 but does not exceed 200        ---     Rs. 2[60.00]

                 (c) exceeds 200                                         ---     Rs. 2[90.00]

(8) The provision of rule 23 and rule 24 shall apply to the refusa1 to grant licence or to grant licence under sub-rule (4) and sub-rule (3), respectively.

      Comment

                             This rule makes provision for the grant of temporary certificate of registration and licence, on payment of the prescribed fees.

 

 

CHAPTER IV

Appeals and Procedure

33. (l)(i) Every appeal under sub-section -(1,) of  Sec. 15 shall be preferred in the form of a memorandum signed by the appellant or his authorised agent and presented to the Appellate Officer in person or sent to him by registered post. 

1.    Subs. by G.S.R. 657 dated 11th August , 1987 (w.e.f. 22nd August, 1987) for the words “treasury receipt or a crossed postal order drawn in  favour of the appropriate registering or licensing officer as the case may be”

2. Subs by G.S.R. 1215 (E) dated 28th December, 1988.

 

 (ii) The memorandum shall be accompanied by a certified. copy of the order appealed to demand draft] for Rs.10.

(2) The memorandum shall set forth concisely and under distinct heads the grounds of appeal to the grounds of appeal to the order appealed from. 

34. (1) Where the memorandum of appeal does not comply with the provisions of sub-rule (2) of rule 33 it may be rejected or returned to appellant for the purpose of being amended within a time to be fixed by the Appellate Officer. 

(2) Where the Appellate officer rejects the memorandum under sub- rule (1) he shall record the reason for such rejection, and communicate the order to the appellant.  

(3) Where the memorandum of appeal is in order the Appellate Officer shall admit the appeal, endorse thereon the date of presentation and shall register the appeal in a book to be kept for the purpose called the register of Appeals. 

(4) (i) When the appeal has been admitted, the Appellate Officer shall send the notice of the appeal to the Registering Officer or the Licensing Officer, as the case may be, from whose order the appeal has been preferred and the Registering Officer or the Licensing Officer shall send the record of the case to the Appellate Officer..

  (ii) On receipt of the record, the Appellate Officer shall send a notice to the appellant to appear before him at such date and time as may be specified in the notice for the hearing of the appeal.

  35. If on the date fixed for hearing, the appellant does not appear, the Appellate Officer may dismiss the appeal for default of appearance of the appellant.

  36. (i) Where a6appeal has been dismissed under rule 35 the appellant may apply to the Appellate Officer for the re-admission of the appeal, and where it is proved that he was prevented by any sufficient cause for appearing when the appeal was called on for hearing, the Appellate Officer shall restore the appeal on its original number.

  (ii) Such an application shall, unless the Appellate Officer extends the time for sufficient reason, be made within thirty days of the date of disr9issal.

    37. (1) If the appellant is present when the appeal is called, on for the hearing, the Appellate officer shall proceed to hear the appellant or his authorized agent and any other person summoned by him for this purpose, and pronounce judgment on the appeal, either confirming, reversing or varying the order appealed from.

  1.   Subs. By G.S.R. 637, dated 11th August, 1987 (w.e.f.2nd August, 1957), for the words “treasury receipt”

 

(2) The judgment of the Appellate Officer shall state the points for determination the decisions and the reasons for the decisions.  

(3) The order shall be communicated to the appellant and cow thereof shall be sent to the Registering Officer or the’ Licensing Officer from whose order the appeal has been preferred.  

Comment 

These rules deal with the matter relating to appeals to the Appellate order and lay down procedure therefore.  

38.1[Payment of fee

(1) All amounts of money payable on account of security deposit, registration fees, licence fee, appeal, supply of duplicate copies of registration certificates and in terms of any other provisions of the officers as shown in Annexure “A” and made payable at branch of the Union Bank of India at the headquarters of the officers specified in column (3) of the said Annexure. All such demand drafts shall be accompanied by a challan in Form No. 1 TR-6iin triplicate) indicating the details of payments, etc.  

(2) The Licensing Officer, the Registering Officer or the Appellate Authority, as the case may be, on receipt of the demand draft from the party shall arrange to deposit the amount in the appropriate account in the Bank with which he, in his capacity as Regional Labour Commissioner/Assistant Labour Commissioner (central) as Drawing and Disbursing Officer is in account. The Assistant Labour Commissioner (Central), Delhi, shall deposit the demand draft In the Union Bank of India, Extension Centre, Shram Shakti Bhavan, Rafi Marg, New Delhi, in the account of “Pay and Accounts Officer” Chief Labour Commissioner, New Delhi. 

(3) The payment received by the officer specified in the said Annexure by way of demand drafts shall be deposited in the relevant heads of accounts as shown below: 

Registration fees-“087-Labour and Employment-Fees under Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Central Rules, 1971 [adjustable in the books of the Pay and Accounts Officer, (Chief Labour Commissioner), Ministry of Labour, New Delhi”]

Licensing Fees-O87-Labour and employment the Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Central Rules, 1971 in the books of the Pay and Accounts Officer, (Chief Labour Commissioner), Ministry of Labour, New Delhi.]”

Security deposits—Deposits and Advances (—) deposits not bearing Interest 843 - Civil Deposit under Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 (adjustable in the books  of the  Pay and Accounts Officer, (Chief Labour Commissioner), Ministry of Labour, New Delhi

Duplicate copy of the registration certificates—”O87—Labour and Employment Fee under Contract Labour Act (Regulation and Abolition) Central Rules, 1971.”

     Comment

This rule deals the matter regarding payment of fees and prescribes heads of account to which deposits are to be made.  

39.Copies.—Copy of the order of the Registering Officer, Licensing Officer or the Appellate Officer may be obtained on payment of fees of rupees two for each order on application specifying the date and other particulars on the order, made to officer concerned.

 

CHAPTER V 

Welfare and Health of Contact Labour

40.(1)The facilities required to be provided under Sec., 18 and 19 of the Act, namely sufficient sup of Wholesome drinking water, a sufficient number of latrines and urinals, washing facilities and first-aid facilities, shall be provided by the contractor in the ease of existing establishment within seven days of the commencement of these rules and in the case of new establishments within seven days of the commencement of the employment of contract labour therein.

 (2) if any of the facility mentioned in sub-rule(1) is not provided by the contractor within the period prescribed the same shall be provided by the principal employer within seven days of the expiry of in the said sub-rule.

 41. Rest room-(1)In every place wherein contract labour is required to halt at night in connection with the working of the establishment to which the Act applies and in which employment of contact labour is likely to continue for three months or more the contractor shall provide and maintain rest-rooms or other suitable alternative accommodation within  fifteen days of the coming into force of the rules in the case of existing establishment,and within fifteen days of the commencement of the employment of contract labour in new establishments.

 (2)If the amenity referred to in sub-rule (1) is not provided by the contractor within the period prescribed, the principal employer shall provide the same within a period of fifteen day of the expiry of the period laid down In the said sub-rule.

(3)Separate rooms shall be provided for women employees.

(4)   Effective and suitable provision shall be made in every room for securing and maintaining adequate ventilation by the circulation of fresh air and there shall also be provided and maintained sufficient and suitable natural or artificial lighting.

 (5)   The rest-room or rooms or other suitable alternative accommodating shall be of such dimensions so as to provide at least a floor area of 1.1 sq. metre for each person of the rest-room.

 (6)   The rest-room or rooms or other suitable alternative accommodation shall be so constructed as to afford adequate protection against heat, wind, rain and shall have smooth hard and impervious floor surface

 (7)   The rest-room or other suitable alternative ‘accommodation shall be at a convenient distance from the establishment and shall have adequate supply of wholesome drinking water.

 42.  Canteens.—(1) In every establishment to which the Act applies and wherein work regarding the employment of contract labour is likely to continue for six months and  labour numbering one hundred or more are ordinarily employed an adequate canteen shall be provided by the contractor for the use of such contract labour within sixty days of the date of coming into force of the rules in the case of the existing establishments and within sixty days of the commencement of contract labour In the case of tew establishments of the employment

(2)   If the contractor fails to provide the canteen within the time laid down the same shall be provided by the principle employer within sixty days of the expiry of the time allowed to the contractor.

 (3)The canteen shall be maintained by the contractor or principal employer; as the case may be, in an efficient manner

 43.   (1) The canteen shall consist of at least a dining hall; kitchen, store room, pantry and washing places separately for workers and for utensils.

 (2)(i) The canteen shall be sufficiently lighted at all times when any person has, access to it.

 (ii)     The floor’ shall be made of smooth and impervious material and inside walls shall be lime-washed or colour-washed at least once in each year

Provided that the inside walls of the kitchen shall be lime-washed every four months.

(3)(i) The precincts of the canteen shall be maintained in, a. clean and sanitary condition.

(ii) Suitable arrangements shall be made for the collection and disposal of garbage.

44.(1) The dining-hall shall accommodate at a time at least 30 percent of the contract labour working at a time.

(2)The floor area of the dining-hall, excluding the area occupied by the service in the counter and any furniture except tables and chairs shall be not less than one square metre per diner to be accommodated as prescribed In sub-rule (1). -

(3) (i) A portion of the dining-hall and service counter shall be partitioned off and reserved for women workers, in proportion to their number,,.

(ii) Washing places for women shall be separate and screened to secure private.

(4)Sufficient tables, stools, chairs or benches shall be available for the number of diners to be accommodated as prescribed in sub-rule (1).

45 (1) (i) There shall be provided and maintained sufficient utensils, crockery, cutlery, furniture and any other equipment necessary for the sufficient running of the canteen,

(ii)The furniture, utensils and other equipment. shall be  and Hygienic condition.    

(2) (1) Suitable clean clothes for the employees’ service in the canteen shall also be provided and maintained

(ii)A service -counter, if provided, shall have top of smooth and impervious material.

(iii) Suitable facilities including an adequate supply of hot water shall be provided for the cleaning of utensils and equipment.

 46.The foodstuffs and other items to be served in the canteen shall be in conformity with the normal habits of the contract labour.

 47 The charges for foodstuffs, beverages and any other items served in the canteen shall be based on “no-profit, no loss” and shall be conspicuously displayed in the canteen

 48.   In arriving at the prices of foodstuffs and other articles served in the canteen the following items shall not be taken into consideration as expenditure, namely’

(a)  the rent for the land and buildings;

       (b)  the depreciation and maintenance charges for the building and ‘equient provided for in
             the canteen;

(c)   the cost of purchase, repairs and replacement  of equipment including furniture, crockery, cutlery and utensils;

(d)    the water charges and other charges incurred for lighting and ventilation;

(e)   the interest on the maintenance of amounts spent on the  provision and maintenance of furniture and equipment  provided for canteen.

 49. The books of accounts and registers and other documents used in connection with the running of the canteen shall be produced on demand to an inspector.

 50.The account pertaining to the canteen shall be audited once every twelve months by registered accountants and auditors

Provided that the Chief Labour Commissioner (general) may approve of any  other person to audit the accounts, if he is satisfied that it is not feasible to appoint a registered accountant and auditor i view of the site or the location of the canteen.

51.Latrines and urinals—Latrines shall be provided in every establishment coming within the scope of the Act on the following scale, namely:

(a)     where females are employed, there shall be at least one latrine for every 25 females;

(b)     where males are employed, there shall- be at least one latrine for every 25 males

Provided that where the number of males or females exceeds 100, it shall be sufficient if there is one latrine for every 25 males, or females as the case may be, up to the first 100,and one for every 50 thereafter ‘

 52.   Every latrine shall be under cover and so partitioned off as to secure privacy, and shall have a proper door and fastenings. 

53.(1) Where workers of both sexes are employed there shall be displayed outside each block of latrine and urinal a notice in the language understood by the majority of the workers ‘for Men Only’ or “For Women Only” as the case may be. 

(2)The notice shall also bear the figure of a man or of a woman, as the ease may be.

 54.There shall be at least one urinal for male workers up to 50 and one for female workers up to 50 employed at a time:

Provided that where the number of male female workmen, the case may be, exceeds 500 it shall be sufficient if there is one urinal for every 50 males or females up to the first 500 and one for every100 or part thereof thereafter.

55 (1) The latrines and urinals shall be conveniently situated and accessible to  workers at the establishment

(2)(i)The latrines urinals shall be adequately lighted and shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.

(ii)Latrines and urinals other than those connected with a flush sewage system shall comply with the requirement of the public health authorities.

56. Water shall be provided by the means of tap -or otherwise so as to be conveniently, accessible in or near the latrine and urinal­

57.. Washing facilities

(1) In every establishment coming within the scope of the Act adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained for the use of contract labour employed therein.

(2)Separate and adequate screening facilities shall be provided for the use of male and female workers.

(3)Such facilities shall be conveniently accessible and shall be kept in clean and hygienic condition.  

58. First aid facilities

In every establishment coming within the scope of the Act there shall be provided and maintained, so as to be readily accessible during all working hours first-aid boxes at the rate of not less than one box for 150 contract labour or part thereof ordinarily employed.

59.(1) The first-aid box shall be distinctly marked with a red cross on a white ground and shall contain the following equipment namely:

A: For establishment in which the number of contract labour employed does not exceed fifty Each first-aid box shall contain the following equipments:

(i) 6 small sterilized dressings.

(ii)3 medium size sterlized dressings.

  (iii) 3 large size sterilized dressings.

(iv) 3 large sterilized burn dressings.

(v)     1(30ml) bottle containing a two percent alcoholic solution of iodine.

(vi) 1(30ml) bottle containing sal volatile having the dose and 

     mode of administration indicated on the label.
          (vii) 1 snake-bite lancet.
          (viii) 1 (30 gms) bottle of potassium permanganate crystals.
          (ix)  1 pair scissors.      

(x) 1 copy of the first-a14 leaflet issued by the Director General, Factory Advice Service and Labour Institutes, Government of India.

(xi) A bottle containing 100 tablets (each of 5 grains) of aspirin. (xii) Ointment for burns.

  (xiii) A bottle of suitable surgical antiseptic solution.

B) For establishments in which the number contract labour exceed fifty Each first-aid box shall contain the following equipments:

(i) 12 small sterilized dressings.

- (ii) 6 medium size sterilized dressings.

(iii) 6 large size sterilized dressings.

(iv) 6 large size sterilized burn dressings.

          (v)6 (15 gins.) packets sterilized cotton Wool.

(vi) 1 (60 ml.) bottle containing a two per center alcoholic solution of iodine.­

(vii) 1(60ml.) bottle containing sal volatile having the dose and mode administration indicated on the label.

  (viii) 1 roll of adhesive plaster

  (ix) A snake-bite lancel.

  (x) 1(30gms) bottle of potassium permanganate crystals.

        (xi) I pair scissors.        ‘        -

(xii)  1 copy of the first-aid leaflet issued by the Director ‘General, Factory Advice service and Labour institutes Government of India,

(xiii) A bottle containing 100 tablets (each of 5 grains of 

       aspirin.

(xiv) Ointment for burns.

(xv) A bottle of a suitable surgical anti-septic solution.

(2) Adequate arrangement shall be made for immediate recoupment of the equipment when necessary. ‘ -

60. Nothing except the prescribed contents shall be kept in the first-aid box.

 61.   The first-aid box shall be kept in charge of a responsible person who shall always be readily available during the working hours of the establishment.

 62.   A person in charge of the first-aid box shall be a person trained in first-aid box treatment, in establishments where the number  of contract labour employed is 15O or

 

 

  Chapter VI  

Wages

63.   The contractor shall fix wage periods in respect of which wages shall be payable.

64.   No wag period shall exceed one month.

65 The wages of every person employed as contract labour is an or- by a contractor where less than one thousand such persons are paid before the expiry of the seventh day; in other case before the s after the last day of the wage period in respect of which the wages are

66.  Where the employment of any worker is terminated by or contractor the wages earned by him shall be paid before the expiry of the second working day from the day on which ‘he employment Is terminated.

67 All payments of wages shall be made on a working day at  the work premises and during the working time and on a date notified in advance and in case the work is completed before the expiry of the wage period, final payment shall be made within forty eight hours of the last working days.

68.Wages due to every Worker shall be paid to him direct or to other person authorised by him in this behalf.

69.All wages shall be paid in current coin or currency or in both.

70.  Wages shall be paid without any deductions of any kind except those specified by the Central Government by general or special order in this behalf or permissible under the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (IV of 1936).

71.  A notice showing the wage period and the place and time of disbursement of wage shall be displayed, at the place of work and copy sent by contractor to the principal employer under acknowledgement.

72.   The principal employer shall ensure the presence of his authorized representative at the place and time of disbursement of wages by the contractor to workman and it shall be the duty of the contractor to ensure the disbursement wages in the presence of such authorized representstive.

73.  The authorized representative of the principal employer shall record under his signature a certificate at the end of the entries in  the register of wages or the 1[Register of Wages-cum-Muster Roll as the case may be in following form:

  “Certified that the amount shown in column No----------        has been paid to the workmen concerned in my presence on -------- at ---------“    

 

1. Subs by G.S.R. 948 dated 12th July, 1978

 

CHAPTER VII

 Registers and Records and Collection of Statistics

74. Register of contractors:-Every principal employer shall maintain in respect of each registered establishment a register of contractors in Form XII.

75. Register of persons employed.-Every contractor shall maintain in respect of such registered establishment where he employs contract labour a register in Form XIII.

76. Employment card.-(I) Every contractor shall issue an employment card in Form XIV to each worker within three days of the employment of the worker .

(II) The card shall be maintained up to date and any change in the particulars shall be entered therein.

77. Service certificate.-On termination of employment for any reason whatsoever the contractor shall issue to the workman whose services have been terminated a Service Certificate in Form XV.

78. Muster roll, wages registers, deduction register and overtime

register.-1[(1) (a) Every contractor shall in respect of each work on which he engages contract labour -

(1) maintain a muster roll and a register of wages in Form XVI and Form XVII, respectively:

Provided that combined Register of Wage-cum Muster Roll in Form XVIII

shall be maintained by the contractor where the wage period is a fortnight or less;

(II) maintain a Register of Deductions for damage or loss, Register of Fines and Register of Advances in Form XX, Form XXI and Form XXII, respectively;

(III) maintain a Register of Overtime in Form XXIII recording therein the number of hours of, and wages, paid for, overtime work, if any.

(b) Every contractor shall, where the wage period is one week or more issue wage slips in Form XIX, to the workmen at least a day prior to the disbursement of wages.

(c) Every contractor shall obtain the signature or thumb-impression of the worker concerned against the entries relating to him on the Register of Wages or Muster Roll-cum-Wages Register, as the case may be, and the entries shall be authenticated by the initials of the contractor or his authorized representative and shall also be duly certified by the authorized representative of the principal employer in the manner provided in rule 73.

(d) In respect of establishments which are governed by the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 (4 of 1936), and the rules made there under, or Minimum Wages Act, 1948 ( 11 of 1948), or the rules made there under, the following registers and records required to be maintained by a contractor as employer under those Acts and the rules

made there under shall be deemed to be register and records to be maintained by the contractor under these rules, namely:

(a) Muster roll;

(b) register of wages;

(c) register of deductions;

(d) register of overtime;

(e) register of fines;

(f) register of advances;

(9) wage slip.]

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in these rules, where a combined or alternative form is sought to be used by the contractor to avoid duplication of work for compliance with the provisions of any other Act or the rules framed there under or any other laws or regulation where mechanized pay rolls are introduced for better

administration, alternative suitable form or forms in lieu of any of the forms prescribed under these rules, may be used with the previous approval of the Chief Labour Commissioner (Central).

Subs. by G.S.R. 948, dated 12th July, 1978

1. Subs. by G.S.R. 48 dated 31st December, 1987.

2. Subs. by G.S.R. 657. dated 11th August. 1987 (i.e. 22nd August, 1987).

3. Ins. by G.S.R. 199. dated 251h January. 1977 (w.e.f. 12th February, 1977).

4. Ins. by G.S.R. 657. dated 11th August, 1987 (w.e.f,22nd August. 1987).